In architecture, the concept of space refers to the three-dimensional area that is created by the enclosure of a building or other structure. This can include both the interior and exterior of a building, as well as the spaces between and around the building.
The concept of space in architecture is often studied in relation to the way that it shapes and is shaped by the human experience. For example, the way that a building is designed and constructed can have a significant impact on the way that people move through and interact with the space, as well as on the way that they feel while they are in the space. As a result, the concept of space in architecture is often closely tied to issues of function, aesthetics, and the social and cultural context in which a building is located.
In addition to the physical qualities of space, the concept of space in architecture also includes the symbolic and metaphorical meanings that are associated with different types of spaces. For example, a public square or a temple might be seen as a symbol of community and spiritual connection, while a private bedroom might be seen as a place of rest and intimacy. The way that space is used and experienced can also be influenced by cultural and social norms, as well as by the personal experiences and memories of the people who use the space.
The first-floor bedroom forms a cantilever over the ground floor. This semi-covered space creates a porch in front of the dining room and kitchen which is raised above the garden level. The natural stone wall contrasts with the simple materials of the façade and the floor.
The extension of the house introduces an interior courtyard that provides light to the living/dining room. In front of the elongated courtyard window, a double-height gap is formed to change the perception of space and bring a feeling of spaciousness to the ground floor.
A large touch screen allows visitors to the exhibition to interact with the urban parameters of the Hutong and to understand the balance and diversity of the neighbourhood. The screens are made of projection, infrared cameras and sensors that detect movement. Users can drag and drop buildings to modify the urban fabric.
The heart of the house is the living room, lit by large windows and a skylight. The dark walls contrast with the ceiling and the white leather Barcelona armchairs designed by Mies van Der Rohe. The texture of the natural stone wall is highlighted by the zenithal light from the skylight.
The exhibition tables have rotating panels that allow the public to interact with the content and discover information and images of the projects. The subtle lighting of the space, which focuses attention on the content rather than the continent, creates a mysterious and evocative atmosphere.
The section of the square shows the relationship between the underground car park and the urban design of the public space. The square, which faces the promenade and is surrounded by old buildings, retains its leafy trees, which are integrated into the design.
The main hall of the exhibition displays a three-dimensional graphic depicting the disparity of urban models in China. The graphic forms a hyperbolic paraboloid that occupies the ceiling like a huge infographic. The ultraviolet light makes the white lines stand out against the black background.
The stairs are designed as a sculptural piece of furniture. Made of natural and lacquered wood, they provide wide steps towards the second floor while hiding a small toilet underneath. On the side, and following an orthogonal composition, they form a bookcase in front of the dining room.
The institutional image of an office building does not have to be cold and intimidating. The headquarters of the Cluj Regional Council brings a welcoming, friendly and domestic design that represents an environmentally friendly building that is close to its community.
In contrast to the orthogonal rigidity of the exterior, the interior spaces are wrapped in soft, rounded corners. The oak flooring and the concrete ceiling offer a warm visual tone while a featured wooden slats partition serves as a transition and articulates the space.
The building is presented as a rotund, stone volume with a chequered pattern of façade openings. This solid, almost tectonic composition is distorted by the deformation of the solid, which turns into a provocative gesture as it reacts to the flow of urban traffic.
The idea of creating an inner space open to the sky blends a haven of nature and architecture. We understand the need to immerse deeply in a natural environment while being protected at your shelter and in fact, we have rediscovered the beauty and functionality of this typology in numerous projects.
The cafeteria is located under the auditorium stands, as can be seen in the curved reinforced concrete ceiling. This open-plan space is fragmented by a combination of fixed wooden counters and an arrangement of informal loose furniture so the space works also as a waiting room.
From the top of the roof terrace, you can see the winding silhouette of the building and the view of the city in the background. The image conveys the symbolism of the building’s shape, its relationship with the landscape and the functionality and comfort of the apartments.
The external facade of the tower is defined by a series of horizontal slabs. Prefabricated pieces of GRC cover the edges, carefully positioned to cover the part exposed of the floor below due to the rotation of the storeys. Between them, a series of vertical louvres protect the glazing against the sun.
The living room is the heart of the house. The double-height space vertebrates the areas of daily use and connects it with the outdoor landscape. The kitchen is separated by recessed sliding glass doors that open up space, so the living is linked to the bar located there.
The long tables are high and allow you to comfortably read the information contained in the catalogues for each project. The ‘city visions’ edition of the exhibition was sponsored by Flos, which supplied the D’E-light lamps designed by Philippe Starck.
The exhibition space is a dark room featuring long tables with interactive rotating panels, books and video screens. The lighting consists of spotlights from the ceiling and table lamps from the Italian brand Flos that create a warm and cosy atmosphere.
The dining room is a transition space to the living room in this open-plan flat. The space is illuminated by the skylight in the ceiling and the large windows facing the garden. The interior design combines neutral colours to create an elegant atmosphere where the texture of the stone wall stands out.
The organisation of the hospital is based on an articulated floor plan according to the functions of each department. Supplies, parking and emergency rooms are on the ground floors, patient rooms are on the middle floors and the operating theatres are on the top floor, close to the heliport.
From the stage, you can see the configuration of the acoustic ceiling, formed by curved surfaces mounted on top of each other, like the shell of an armadillo. The stage lighting is placed between the suspended planes of the ceiling, while the hall receives light from the small recessed spotlights that resemble a starry sky.
From the front porch of this modern home, covered by a cantilevered roof, the silhouette of the nearby village can be seen. The simple tempered glass balustrade protects the deck without obscuring the landscape, while the natural stone wall contrasts with the smooth finishes of the exterior.
A child interacts with the touch screen of the exhibition which, like an urban game, allows you to drag and drop elements in the urban space to create your own hutong. The iinteractive app allows you to understand the urban parameters that determine the diversity of traditional Chinese neighbourhoods.
The overlapping wooden strips that wrap around the ceiling create a dynamic and contemporary image of the auditorium’s interior. The texture of the curved wood together with the random arrangement of the ceiling lights creates a warm atmosphere with excellent acoustic conditions.
Mechanical, electrical and plumbing (MEP) are the systems guaranteeing the comfort and habitability of a building. For such purpose, they are designed taking carefully into account all the other formal and technical aspects of the building.
The house is distributed around the kitchen and the garden. The sloping roof gives more height to the ceiling in the living room and descends towards the bedrooms. The entrance hall articulates the spaces for daytime use, from where you can also go out into the garden.
Each project in the exhibition is displayed on a table with a book containing graphic content and a screen with a documentary video. The project developed by Tsinghua University in Beijing explains the reuse of collective housing buildings in the hutong.
The urban design of this square in front of the promenade is like a pattern of circles of different sizes. The skylights, lampposts, gardens and fountains are linked together like a constellation. The wood and aluminium model also shows the entrances to the underground car park beneath the square.
The spatial planning of the exhibition space allows several groups of people to enjoy the content simultaneously in a calm and evocative atmosphere. Each table is associated with a screen on which a documentary is projected to expand on the information shown in the books and rotating panels.
The exhibition shows an infographic with the characteristics of low-density neighbourhoods. A bar chart represents the values of mobility, urban greenery or social diversity among others. These parameters are diametrically opposed to those in the dense city model, so the union of both graphs generates a hyperbolic paraboloid on the ceiling.
The exhibition hall has four illuminated tables with infographics and illustrations explaining the four fundamentals of urban planning. Above the displays, the ceiling of the space is covered with a three-dimensional graphic of white lines illuminated with ultraviolet light on a black background.