handover and as-built documentation

The handover and as-built documentation include drawing up plans and documents reflecting the project’s construction status, which may be used for maintenance operations or as a reference point for further interventions. The property developer is obliged to draw up and sign the Building’s Book, a manual including the physical, technical and legal characteristics of the […]

site supervision

Site supervisions control the on-site work process regarding technical, functional, aesthetic, urban and environmental aspects.

contract administration

In addition to the Faculty Management determined by the local regulations, project management coordinates the agents involved in the works not directly dependent from the main contractor.

selective tendering

The selective tender process for construction contracts is a pre-selection of suppliers to receive offers based on the project’s documentation and quantity survey if provided. An evaluation report is then presented to the developer to decide which contractor to appoint. In this process, we establish a benchmark for the selection of contractors. Thus the clients […]

statutory approvals

We offer consultation and management services for statutory approval applications associated with the project. These requirements include licenses or permits from public administrations, control authorities, landlords’ consent, resident’s associations, etc.

technical reports

Technical reports are documents that describe the characteristics of the project from different approaches, complementing the information provided in the drawings with scientific data. They are statements containing facts, features and circumstances observed by a qualified technician, the architect. Starting from a comprehensive description of the building or structure under consideration, these reports include further […]

structural systems

Structural systems are the bearing components that, working together, can transmit the building’s loads to the foundation, guaranteeing balance and stability without suffering incompatible distortions. As structural systems guarantee the architecture’s critical stability and support its shape, we make sure to integrate these solutions with a multidisciplinary approach from the early stages of the project […]

building services

Mechanical, electrical and plumbing (MEP) are the systems guaranteeing the comfort and habitability of a building. For such purpose, they are designed taking carefully into account all the other formal and technical aspects of the building. Depending on the nature of the system, MEP must be planned and developed together with other elements of the […]

value engineering

Value engineering is a process in which corrective measures are applied to reduce the project’s cost, conforming, though, as much as possible to the original requirements of function, quality and comfort.

quantity survey and cost plan

Quantity surveys are reports containing, broken down into sections, the list of items required to execute the works. Each of these items is called a “budget line”, which includes a measurement unit, and a description of the materials and labour required for the works. The cost plan is calculated by the quantity survey, adding to […]


We employ mock-ups to assess, in real scale, the performance of specific architectural features and carry out design reviews. Mock-ups typically comprise floor plan representations, construction details, on-site material samples, or ergonomic design evaluations.

physical models

Physical models are copies to scale of structures or buildings ‒ with the aim to study design features, analyse a building or space within its context, and convey conceptual ideas. We use different techniques and materials, depending on the purpose of the physical model. Fast and abstract model generation systems are useful in the conceptual […]

computer-generated imagery

Visuals are representations of design through images, animations or virtual reality systems. They are developed by 3D models, and they help understand the spatial qualities of the project in its context.

urban design

By urban design ‒ unlike urbanism and architecture ‒ we conceive the discipline designing spaces and public areas which define the urban fabrics ‒ such as city squares, streets, parks and other elements that circumscribe the environmental character of a city. Urban design is not only about the definition of elements as pavements, street furniture […]

landscape design

Landscape design refers to the transformation of open spaces and natural environments ‒ such as gardens, terrains or streams of water ‒ to integrate them with the architecture, their contexts, and other changing elements of the setting. Landscaping involves planning with living elements, requiring the analysis of environmental conditions and regarding time as one of […]

finishes specification

Finishes specification involves detailing a list of all the materials in the final parts of the project. The file contains commercial products available in the market following technical, functional, aesthetic, and economic criteria ‒ price and maintenance costs. Technical reasons include durability, corrosion, water or fire resistance, and compatibility with other materials/installations. Functional criteria involve […]

construction systems

Detailing the building construction system is a design process in which we specify the placement and assembly of the materials necessary for the project. Construction details are graphic representations to scale of relevant or typical parts of the constructive system. They usually contain technical information about the way different structures conjoin together: depicting geometry, arrangements […]

lighting study

Lighting studies are scientific analyses of the illumination requirements of space, to guarantee comfort and energy-efficiency conditions. The studies consider both indoor and outdoor, both natural and artificial lighting fittings and systems.

furniture and accessories specification

The specification of these off-the-shelf products includes a detailed description of the items required to integrate the design, identifying units, manufacturers, finishes, availability and lead times. These products comprise furniture, sanitary fittings, accessories, artwork, etc.

fixed furniture and fittings

This service includes the custom design and technical specification of woodwork, joinery, fixed furniture and other integrated fixtures ‒ such as kitchens and bathroom fittings, built-in wardrobes, banquettes, etc.

master planning

A master plan is a document detailing the technical framework within which a long-term intervention is to be developed. In architecture and urbanism, such report is usually written for projects involving several stakeholders or investors over an extended period. Master plans are design tools available in different scales. So, for instance, urban master planning is […]

design workshop

Design workshops actively involve our clients in the creative process behind the design development. Accordingly, the workshop typically leads to a collective analysis and exploration of the design options developed by our team. The discussion progresses around a series of well-regimented exercises, conceptualised to obtain results in well-aimed project areas. It involves decision-making strategies, completing […]

sections and elevations

Cross sections are the parts we obtain cutting straight through the building, exposing both the interior and the constructive system. The elevations’ arrangement marks out the spatial relations between floor plans and walls ‒ both interior and exterior. Together, sections and elevations combine the functional needs of the floor plan with the vertical projection of […]

space planning

Space planning is about distributing areas and rooms by the uses and functions described in the briefing document. It involves a space layout and partitioning that complies with the established requirements while preserving consistency with the original concept. This process is also influenced by several other parameters such as the building massing, the structural framework, […]

circulation, use and flow diagrams

Circulation, use and flow diagrams are excellent tools to illustrate the functions and flexibility of space. They allow a visual representation of movements employing only: colours and lines from simple hypotheses, simulation-generated data, or on-site analyses.

massing study

Massing study is a 3D modelling process through which we represent the site’s physical limits concerning regulations, and within those, we work on the formal definition of design. This study allows us to visually identify the different spatial requirements detailed in the briefing document, and the relation between the spaces; it essentially constitutes the basis […]

site analysis

Site analysis is the study of the plot’s specific conditions in geographical, historical and legal terms. First, it includes the study of location and orientation to determine the prevailing views, the influence of the sun, wind or environmental noise amongst other factors. The historical report involves research of pre-existing and adjoining buildings, as well as […]

site survey

Site surveys are visual representations of architectural elements, using orthographic projections or 3D models. The study is typically carried out by taking measurements on site with different equipment, depending on the location’s features and scale. We customarily use laser measurers, spherical imaging cameras, and photogrammetric tools such as 3D scanners. Site surveys are fundamental when […]

brief development

The brief captures the requirements of the project that are solved by the design. It also provides information on the project’s development, location, and technical needs, as well as a plan accounting the necessary spaces and their mutual relation. First, we prepare a customised brief for every project, meeting with the owners and going through […]